Indian Livestock Farm Management Methodologies: A Survey
Research Scholar, Sangam University, Bhilwara & Lecturer, Dept. of IT, Govt. Polytechnic Daman firstname.lastname@example.org
Associate Professor and HOD, Department of CSE, Sangam University, Bhilwara, email@example.com
Lecturer, Department of Computer Engineering, Govt. Polytechnic, Daman firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: Agriculture has a good stake in the world’s GDP. In many countries, agriculture and allied sectors have a good stake in national GDP. This paper covers details related to livestock since 1960s. The workforce has managed livestock for many decades. The workforce increases as the number of animals increases; it is an energy, time-consuming, and economically costly approach. Apart from it, there is no assurance about animal welfare in case of diseases, breeding, and feed intake issues. In the 21st century of digitalization, technology has a key role in improving overall monitoring, controlling, and processing in livestock management. This paper has gone thoroughly into the manual and automated livestock farm management, aiming welfare of animals, livestock products, consumers’ benefit, and sustainable environmental approaches.
Keywords: Block chain, Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), Grazing, Mastitis, Voluntarily Culling
- Holmes, W., “Grazing Management for Dairy Cattle,” Grass and Forage Science, 17(1), pp. 30–40, 1962. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2494.1962.tb00267.x
- W., “Advantages of rationed grazing Dairy Farming Annual,” Massey Agrie. Coll., Palmerston North, N.Z., 1951.
- De Geus, J., “A note on ration grazing in Holland,” Brit. Grassl. Soc., vol. 5, pp. 251-258, 1950.
- Holmes, W. and WARE, R., “The electric fence – its use for grazing dairy cattle,” Agric. vol. 29. pp. 135-40, 1950.
- Sadar, V., “Research and experience in rationed grazing in Slovenia,” 5th Int. Crassl. Congr. pp. 591-594, 1960.
- Dillon, John L., and J. Brian Hardaker., “Farm management research for small farmer development,” Food & Agriculture Org., vol. 41, 1980.
- Day, L. M., Hedges, T. R., & Sitton, G. R. “Farm Management Manual,” Journal of Farm Economics, 39(2), 575, 1950. doi:10.2307/1234191
- White, Richard K., and D. Lynn Forster., “A manual on evaluation and economic analysis of livestock waste management systems,” Environmental Protection Agency, vol. 1., Office of Research and Development, Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory, 1978.
- Conlin, B. J. “Dairy management challenges to genetic improvement.”, 1978.
- Busato, A., Trachsel, P., Schällibaum, M., & Blum, J., “Udder health and risk factors for subclinical mastitis in organic dairy farms in Switzerland,” Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 44(3-4), pp. 205–220., 2020, doi:10.1016/s0167-5877(00)00104-5
- Jansen, J. B. H. P., B. H. P. Van den Borne, R. J. Renes, G. Van Schaik, T. J. G. M. Lam, and C. Leeuwis. “Explaining mastitis incidence in Dutch dairy farming: the influence of farmers’ attitudes and behaviour,” Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 210-223, 2009.
- Ruegg, P. L. “Management of mastitis on organic and conventional dairy farms,” Journal of animal science, 87, no. suppl_13, pp. 43-55, 2009.
- Beever, D. E., “The impact of controlled nutrition during the dry period on dairy cow health, fertility and performance,” Animal Reproduction Science, 96(3-4), pp. 212–226, 2006. doi:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2006.08.002
- Fao, “Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (Italy),” Buffalo production and research, Reu Technical Series 67. Edited by Antonio Borghese. Rome, 2005. pp. 321.
- Tiwari, R., M. Sharma, and B. Singh, “Buffalo calf health care in commercial dairy farms: a field study in Uttar Pradesh (India),” Livestock Research for rural development, 19, no. 3, 2007.
- De Rosa, Giuseppe, Fernando Grasso, Corrado Pacelli, Fabio Napolitano, and Christoph Winckler, “The welfare of dairy buffalo,” Italian Journal of Animal Science, 8, no. sup1, pp. 103-116, 2009.
- J. Grant, J. L. Albright, “Feeding behavior and management factors during the transition period in dairy cattle,” Journal of Animal Science, vol. 73, Issue 9, Sep 1995, pp. 2791–2803, https://doi.org/10.2527/1995.7392791x
- Freeman, A. E., and G. L. Lindberg, “Challenges to dairy cattle management: Genetic considerations,” Journal of dairy science, 76, no. 10, 1993, pp. 3143-3159.
- Nicholas, F. W., and C. Smith., “Increased rates of genetic change in dairy cattle by embryo transfer and splitting,” Prod. 36:341, 1983.
- Tan, A., & Ngan, P. T., “A proposed framework model for dairy supply chain traceability,” Sustainable Futures, 2, 2020. 100034. doi:10.1016/j.sftr.2020.100034
- Ahmad, S., M. Yaqoob, N. Hashmi, M. A. Zaman, and M. S. Amjad, “Farmers’ attitude Towards Interventions Regarding Buffalo Calf Health Care and Management Practices Under Field Conditions,” Small, 80, no. 48, 2009.